Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) is the quality of air within buildings and other living structures like homes, apartments, etc. Air quality widely affects the health and well-being of people in those spaces and that is why poor indoor air quality is often linked to sickness or diseases. Bad indoor air quality can create problems in your heating systems, propelling you to call technicians for heating services in Kennesaw, GA. Before we explain how this happens, let’s understand IAQ.
What does bad indoor air quality mean?
Bad indoor air quality is caused by pollutants that are present in the home. Generally, these pollutants are divided into three categories:
- Biological: Biological pollutants include bacteria, germs, pollen, mold, etc. These are generally solid particles you see floating in the sunlight.
- Chemical: Chemical pollutants include volatile organic compounds that are spread as gases from products like disinfectants, air fresheners, perfumes, etc.
- Combusted material: Combustion pollutants like carbon monoxide are produced by furnaces, stoves, etc. They can’t be seen, smelled or even touched.
How can bad indoor air quality affect you?
Bad indoor air quality can have a severe effect on health. Some of the problems that can occur include:
- Repeated allergic reactions (even in non-allergy season).
- Common ailments including headaches, dizziness, colds, and coughs.
- Random irritation to eyes, nose, and throat.
- Prolonged exposure can cause respiratory diseases.
- A Respiratory complication for asthma patients.
- Reduced productivity, depression, and lack of concentration
These are only some of the examples of how bad indoor air quality can affect you. However, there are some ways you can improve the indoor air quality of your home.
How to improve the indoor air quality of your home?
- Ensure proper ventilation
Ventilation is the process of supplying new air into closed rooms and removing stale air. Commercial buildings usually use mechanical ventilation systems (like fans and ductwork). However, the easiest way to increase ventilation is to keep doors and windows open several hours a day.
- Control contaminants ratio
Other than the above-given pollutants, you should also consider some other pollutants usually present in air: carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and methane. Ensure you increase your ventilation to maintain the levels of these contaminants as low as possible.
- Control temperature and humidity
Too-high humidity levels and temperature levels can encourage bacteria and mold growth. The chemicals present in the air (like the ones given above) can also promote growth. Maintain the temperature of your rooms to 68 to 75 during winters. During summers, you can maintain it between 75 to 80 degrees F. Maintaining humidity levels between 30-65% will ensure no mold growth.
Does bad indoor air quality affect my HVAC system?
Yes, bad indoor air quality will cause the filters in your air conditioners and heating units to be clogged up. This will further encourage bacterial growth and humidity levels. If you’ve noticed your house having bad indoor air quality, try ventilating your house and then call a technician to check the condition of filters in your HVAC system.
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